An ancient Near Eastern city strategically located - on the upper Euphrates in northern Syria - on one of the main trade routes linking Mesopotamia to the Mediterranean world. Archaeological evidence indicates that the site of carchemish was inhabited at least as early as circa 3000 b.c. Over time its involvement in trade made it prosperous, and it became an alluring prize for the large empires that rose around it in the second millennium b.c. Mitanni, Hatti (land of the Hittites), and Assyria all captured carchemish. Under Hittite domination, which lasted more than two centuries, the city's patron goddess was Kubaba, who may have been an early version of Cybele, an Anatolian deity widely worshipped in the Mediterranean world in the late first millennium b.c. Assyria's King Sargon II seized Carchemish in about 717 b.c., but only a century later Assyria collapsed. In 605 b.c. the city was the site of a large battle fought between the Babylonian king Nebuchadnezzar II and the Egyptian pharaoh Necho, in which the Babylonians were victorious.
   In modern times, the ruined site of Carchemish was first surveyed in 1876 by Assyriologist George Smith. After his death a team from the British Museum explored the site between 1911 and 1914. Among the diggers were the great archaeologist Charles Leonard Woolley and T.E. Lawrence, who later became famous as "Lawrence of Arabia." They uncovered temples, a fortress, and many sculpted reliefs and statues.
   See also: Hittites; Mitanni; Smith, George; trade

Ancient Mesopotamia dictioary. . 2015.

Игры ⚽ Нужен реферат?

Look at other dictionaries:

  • CARCHEMISH — (Heb. כַּרְכְּמִישׁ), ancient city in N. Syria, on the east bank of the Euphrates. Known today as Jerablus, it is about 62 miles (100 km.) northeast of Aleppo. The city s importance as a political and commercial center derived from its location… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Carchemish — Coordinates: 36°49′47″N 38°00′54″E / 36.82972°N 38.015°E / 36.82972; 38.015 …   Wikipedia

  • Carchemish — /kahr keuh mish, kahr kee /, n. an ancient city in S Turkey, on the upper Euphrates: important city in the Mitanni kingdom; later the capital of the Hittite empire. Also, Charchemish. * * * Ancient city state, western bank of the Euphrates River …   Universalium

  • Carchemish — Karkemish Karkemish et les principaux sites de la Syrie du IIe millénaire av. J. C. Karkemish (appelée Europus par les Romains) est une ville antique des empires Mitanni et …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Carchemish — Antigua ciudad estado en la orilla occidental del Éufrates. Sus restos se ubican al sudeste de Gaziantep, Turquía, cerca de la frontera con Siria. Durante el segundo milenio BC, perteneció al reino mitanni y más tarde llegó a ser una de las… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Carchemish — geographical name ruined city S Turkey on the Euphrates at Syrian border N of modern Jarabulus, Syria …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • Carchemish — noun /ˈkɑːrkimɪʃ/ ancient city in Mesopotamia on the Euphrates, near modern day Turkish Syrian border …   Wiktionary

  • Carchemish —    Fortress of Chemosh, a city on the west bank of the Euphrates (Jer. 46:2; 2 Chr. 35:20), not, as was once supposed, the Circesium at the confluence of the Chebar and the Euphrates, but a city considerably higher up the river, and commanding… …   Easton's Bible Dictionary

  • Carchemish — A Syrian city on the River Euphrates which was bitterly fought over and passed in turn to Assyria, Egypt, and Babylonia (605 BCE; Jer. 46:2) …   Dictionary of the Bible

  • Carchemish — Car•chem•ish [[t]ˈkɑr kə mɪʃ, kɑrˈki [/t]] n. anh geg an ancient city in what is now S Turkey, on the upper Euphrates: a chief Hittite city …   From formal English to slang

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”